Blog Banner
善用顯淺英語(上) - 《IELTS攻略》
31-Jan-2018

善用顯淺英語(上)

學術性文章應淺白易明,一針見血,沒有人會喜歡長篇大論的文章。所以,要寫出優秀的學術文章,首先要戒除廢詞冗字的陋習。現今的寫作趨勢,無論是職場或學術範疇,都極力提倡使用顯淺的英語(Plain English)。

好的英語,就像豬肉一般,把所有的肥膏切掉,剩下來的才會是膾炙的瘦肉,這正就是 Plain English 的底蘊精神,當中便包含了以下的3大原則:

  1. 1. 運用簡單的字詞,表達方式要簡潔有力
  2. 2. 不使用極艱深及不常用的字詞
  3. 3. 刪掉多餘的字詞

筆者從學生的文章抽出了一些繁複的句式,讓我們一起利用 Plain English 的法則來把它們加以改良,做到以短勝長,以簡制繁。

  1. 1. We arrived at the conclusion that ......

Conclusion 是名詞,必須加上動詞 arrived ,句子結構才變得完整。但按照上句意思,其實改用動詞 concluded(過去式)便可。

可改為:We concluded that ......

  1. 2. The school will contact you at a later date if you are selected.

用later 一個字便能取代 at a later date 的意思,而且更清晰。

可改為:The school will contact you later if you are selected.

  1. 3. I am writing to you in the matter of ......

Regarding 或 concerning 都是「有關於」的意思。

可改為:I am writing to you regarding / concerning ......

  1. 4. All of our club members are very busy at the present time.

用now 便能取代 at the present time的意思。

可改為:All of our club members are very busy now.

  1. 5. In the course of the meeting ......

During 即是「正當」,與 in the course of 意思相同。

可改為: During the meeting ......

  1. 6. In order to inform you of the reason ......

Inform you of the reason 即是「解釋」,那麼用 explain 不是更直接了當嗎?

可改為:In order to explain ......

  1. 7. With the exception of the school principal, …

With the exception of意思是「除非」 ,與Except相同。

可改為:Except the school principal, ……

  1. 8. We made an application.

Application 是名詞,必須加上動詞 made ,句子結構才變得完整。按照上句意思,「申請」可用動詞 applied(過去式)取代。

可改為:We applied.

  1. 9. We shall send an answer ......

Send an answer 即是「回覆」,可用reply取代。

可改為:We shall reply ......

  1. 10. The Student Handbook provides a description of the school rules.

Description 是名詞,必須加動詞 provides ,句子結構才完整。不過,簡單用動詞 describes取代 亦可。

可改為:The Student Handbook describes the school rules.

  1. 11. The investigator conducts an examination of the records.

Examination 是名詞,這裏的意思是「審查」,必須加上動詞 conducts,句子結構才完整。這裏可用動詞 examines 取締。

可改為:The investigator examines the records.

  1. 12. We should take into consideration the consequence of postponing the project.

Consideration 是名詞,解作「考慮」,名詞後必須加上動詞 takes,句子結構才變得完整。這裏建議改用動詞 consider。

可改為:We should consider the consequence of postponing the project.